The Irish government has started paying 2,000 artists, musicians, writers and performers a weekly income of €325 (£280).
The Arts Basic Income plans were originally announced by the Irish government in January.
The Minister of Culture and the Arts devotes around 25 million euros to the income program.
Over 9,000 people applied for the program and the 2,000 income recipients were selected anonymously and randomly.
Musicians and artists make up the majority of those receiving the three-year payment.
The basic income scheme for people working in the arts was originally recommended by a task force set up by the Irish Minister of Tourism, Culture, Arts, Gaeltacht, Sports and Media, Catherine Martin.
The task force was set up to suggest how the arts could recover from the “unprecedented damage” caused by the pandemic.
As in Northern Ireland, art and entertainment venues in the Republic of Ireland have been closed for a long time due to Covid-19 restrictions.
The payment is not based on income, so the 2,000 people selected may still be eligible for social benefits and still be able to earn more money from their jobs.
However, they will need to participate in a research project where data on the impact of payment is collected. The Irish government has provided a breakdown of the Irish county in which the 2,000 people who receive the income live.
Dublin has the most recipients with 764, followed by Cork (212) and Galway (148).
More than 700 visual artists have been selected to receive the payments, along with 584 musicians, 204 filmmakers and 184 writers.
In addition, around 170 actors and theater workers as well as 32 dancers and choreographers, 13 circus artists and 10 architects were selected.
Over 50 recipients operate in Irish. However, demand for the program means fewer than one in four applicants will receive the income.
In a press release, Ms Martin acknowledged that “today there will be many disappointed people who applied and who were not selected”.
She added: “I am very grateful to everyone who took the time to apply and I understand their disappointment.”
But she said the Basic Income for the Arts has “the potential to fundamentally transform the way we support the arts and creativity”.
“Ireland could lead the way for a new model of support for people working in this sector, recognizing its importance for all,” she added.