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Saturday, October 1, 2022

Iran’s Hijab Laws: Death of Kurdish Woman In Custody Sparks Protest

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Women have been at the forefront of escalating protests in Iran, sparked by the death of a Kurdish Woman in custody who was jailed for breaking the hijab law.
Crowds cheered as women in saris burned their hijabs at a bonfire on Tuesday, the fifth straight day of unrest.
Activists said a woman was among three protesters shot dead by security forces in Urmia, Piranshahr and Kermanshah.
Authorities accused protesters of killing two civilians in Kermanshah and a police aide in Shiraz.
At least seven people are believed to have been killed since protests against hijab and vice squad laws erupted following the death of Mahsa Amini.

The 22-year-old Kurdish woman from the northwestern town of Saqez died in hospital on Friday after being in a coma for three days.
She was in Tehran with her brother when she was arrested by vice police, who accused her of breaking the law requiring women to cover their hair with a hijab or headscarf, as well as their arms and legs with loose clothing. She fell into a coma shortly after collapsing in a remand center.
Police reportedly hit Ms Amini on the head with a baton and banged her head against one of their vehicles, Acting UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Nada said. al-Nashif. Police denied being abused and said she was suffering from “sudden heart failure”. But his family said he was fit and healthy.
“Mahsa Amini’s tragic death and allegations of torture and ill-treatment must be investigated in a timely, impartial and effective manner by an independent competent authority, which in particular ensures that her family has access to justice and truth,” he said. Nashif.
She noted that the United Nations has received “numerous verified videos of violent treatment of women” as the morality police have expanded their street patrols in recent months to crack down on those who wear “the loose hijab”.

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“The authorities must stop attacking, harassing and detaining women who do not follow the rules of the hijab,” she added, calling for its repeal.
An aide to Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei visited Ms. Amini’s family on Monday and told them that “all institutions will act to defend violated rights,”  Senior MP Jalal Rashidi Koochi publicly criticized the deputy team, saying it was a “mistake” as it had only caused “loss and damage” to Iran.

The Iranian hijab laws.

After the 1979 Islamic revolution, the Iranian authorities imposed a dress code that required all women to wear a veil and loose clothing that conceals their figure in public.
The moral police – formally known as “Gasht-e Ershad” (Orientation Patrols) – are tasked, among other things, with ensuring that women comply with the authorities’ interpretation of “correct” dress.

Officers have the power to arrest women and judge if they show too much hair; their trousers and overcoats are too short or too tight; or wear too much makeup. Penalties for breaking the rules include a fine, imprisonment or flogging. In 2014, Iranian women began sharing photos and videos of themselves publicly violating hijab laws as part of an online protest campaign called “My Stealthy Freedom”. It has since inspired other movements, including White Wednesdays and Girls of Revolution Street.

Ms Nashif also expressed concern about the “unnecessary or disproportionate use of force” against thousands of people who have taken part in protests since the death of Mahsa Amini.
Hengaw, a Norway-based organization that monitors human rights in predominantly Kurdish parts of Iran, said a 16-year-old boy and a 23-year-old man were killed when security forces opened the fire on protesters in Piranshahr and Urmia on Tuesday evening. , both located in the province of West Azerbaijan. The group also reported that security forces shot dead a woman during a protest in neighboring Kermanshah province.
According to Hengaw, three male protesters were killed by security forces in Kurdistan province on Monday – one in Saqez, Ms Amini’s hometown, and two others in the towns of Divandarreh and Dehgolan. Another man shot that day in Divandarreh succumbed to his injuries on Wednesday, sources said

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